CLIMATE MODELS, REALITY, and POLICY
What Is the “Social Cost” of Carbon Dioxide?
Patrick J. Michaels, Ph.D is a Senior Fellow at the CO2 Coalition and the Competitive Enterprise Institute.
Patrick J. Michaels is a past president of the American Association of State Climatologists and was program chair for the Committee on Applied Climatology of the American Meteorological Society. He was a research professor of Environmental Sciences at University of Virginia for 30 years.
Nobel Prize in Physics awarded to Suki Manabe of the Princeton Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory (GFDL)!!!
“For the physical modelling of the earth’s climate, quantifying variability, and reliably predicting global warming”
Science, 2016 Paper by Paul Voosen
Climate Scientists Open Up Their Black Boxes to Scrutiny
“Indeed, whether climate scientists like to admit it or not, nearly every model has been calibrated precisely to the 20th century climate records—otherwise it would have ended up in the trash. “It’s fair to say all models have tuned it,” says Isaac Held, a scientist at the Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory, another prominent modeling center, in Princeton
For years, climate scientists had been mum in public about their “secret sauce”: What happened in the models stayed in the models. The taboo reflected fears that climate contrarians would use the practice of tuning to seed doubt about models”